myTXTL® – Linear DNA Expression Kit

myTXTL® Linear DNA Expression Kit is optimized for cell-free protein synthesis from linear DNA templates.

The myTXTL® Linear DNA Expression Kit is based on Arbor Biosciences’ popular myTXTL® Sigma 70 Master Mix Kit, which has been further engineered to efficiently produce soluble and membrane proteins using linear DNA templates without the need for additional stabilizers. Simply add linear DNA template to the optimized master mix to begin protein synthesis.

The myTXTL® Linear DNA Kit is particularly useful for the screening of DNA libraries that were generated by PCR amplification. In combination with the ability to utilize an automated liquid handling system for Master Mix dispensing, myTXTL® Linear DNA Expression Kit is ideal for high-throughput applications. The myTXTL® Linear DNA Expression Kit is also recommended to produce live bacteriophages starting from their whole RNA or DNA genome. This can be employed to study phage therapy, a promising approach to treatpathogenic bacterial infections.

The myTXTL® Linear DNA Expression Kit contains an engineered E. coli cell extract, energy buffer and amino acids mix ready-to-use for in vitro protein production in a single tube. In vitro protein synthesis is initialized by adding a linear DNA fragment. A linear fragment of P70a-deGFP plasmid is included in the kit as the positive control.

As in vitro protein synthesis in the myTXTL® system relies on the endogenous core RNA polymerase and primary sigma factor 70 (σ70) of E. coli, a σ70-specific promoter is mandatory to express the gene of interest. For example, the lambda phage promoter encoded on our P70a vectors provides excellent protein yield for many proteins comparable to the T7 expression system. Gene expression with a T7 promoter requires the presence of T7 RNA polymerase, which can be co-expressed from P70a-T7rnap plasmid. These plasmids, as well as variety of others for building gene circuits, can be purchased from our myTXTL® Toolbox 2.0 Plasmid Collection.

Additionally, Arbor Biosciences can provide any customized nucleotide template () tailored to your needs at high quality and competitive pricing through our in-house myDNA® synthesis pipeline.

Features & Benefits

All-in-one Solution
Simply mixing template DNA and ready-to-use myTXTL® Master Mix.
Quick Turnaround
Gene expression directly from PCR product
High-throughput screening
Process more samples within a single experiment.
Various expression systems
Compatible with E. coli-specific and T7 expression systems.

Fig 1. Time-resolved protein expression in myTXTL

At certain time point of incubation, myTXTL reactions containing the positive control plasmid P70a-deGFP were analyzed by SDS-PAGE. A distinct band corresponding to the molecular weight of the expressed protein deGFP becomes visible over time.



Fig 2. Production of positive control deGFP using myTXTL

myTXTL Sigma 70 Master Mix with deGFP control plasmid before (A) and after (B) incubation at 29°C in a 1.5 mL reaction tube. (C) Fluorescence emitted by produced deGFP under UV light.



Fig 3. Effect of plasmid concentration on in vitro protein production.

deGFP expression is regulated by the interaction of the endogenous E. coli core RNA polymerase and the primary sigma factor 70 (σ70) with the σ70-specific promoter P70a.



Fig 4. Protein synthesis in myTXTL using the T7 expression system.

deGFP expression under the control of the bacteriophage T7 promoter (PT7) is facilitated by initial expression of T7 RNA polymerase from an additional plasmid.

Unfortunately, this may lead to considerably decreased performance or even loss of function. To ensure highest kit performance, make sure to store the Linear DNA Expression Kit at -80 °C and freeze as soon as possible after usage.

You`re advised to keep the number of freeze-thaw-cycles to a minimum. Nevertheless, our studies show that up to five freeze-thaw-cycles are acceptable without affecting protein production efficiency of the Linear DNA Expression Mix.

Yes. The myTXTL® Linear DNA Expression Mix contains tRNAs for seven codons rarely used in E. coli to prevent undesired translation stop.

As the myTXTL® platform completely relies on the endogenous transcription and translation machinery of E. coli making use of the core RNA polymerase and the primary sigma factor 70 (σ70), all genes should be cloned downstream of a σ70-specific promoter, e.g. the promoter found in P70a vectors. For a more general advice on how to construct a functional gene cassette, please refer to the myTXTL Manual.

Efficient in vitro protein production is highly dependent on the quality of the template DNA, which should be free of nucleases (DNases, RNases) and inhibitors of the TXTL machinery (e.g. EDTA, ethidium bromide, SDS, Cl- ions, ethanol). Preparation of plasmid DNA with standard commercial kits usually involves sample treatment with RNase, which may not be completely removed during downstream processing. Thus, we strongly recommend subjecting the prepared DNA to either a commercial PCR clean-up kit or standard phenol-chloroform extraction and ethanol precipitation. Ideally, template DNA is suspended in nuclease-free water. 
Please note, introducing Mg2+and K+ ions can compromise the kit performance, as they are extremely critical for transcription and translation, and are optimized in the systems.

deGFP is a N- and C-terminally truncated version of the reporter eGFP that is more translatable in cell-free systems. The excitation and emission spectra as well as fluorescence properties of deGFP and eGFP are identical.

Yes. Due to the manufacturing process, there might be a small pellet visible. It`s critical that you resuspend the Linear DNA Expression Mix completely before aliquoting it to set up your TXTL reaction(s).

Yes! That only requires the addition of a plasmid coding for T7 RNA polymerase under transcriptional control of a σ70-specific promoter, e.g. P70a-T7rnap. This plasmid – along with hundreds of others – is part of a Toolbox 2.0 Plasmid Collection and can be purchased here (LINK). The optimum concentration of P70a-T7rnap is usually between 0.1 nM and 1 nM. Higher concentration normally does not increase protein yield. The more important parameter for efficient protein expression is the concentration of the plasmid that encodes for your protein of interest downstream of the T7 promoter, which will be most likely in the range of 5-20 nM.

Due to the small reaction volume of 12 μL, it is very important to avoid condensation of water on lid of the reaction tube, as it considerably increases the concentration of myTXTL® components. This can lead to an unreproducible kit performance. In general, water facilitates a faster heat transfer than air and a water bath shows low temperature fluctuation, which should – combined with a closed environment with constant temperature surrounding the entire tube – lead to higher reproducibility and yield.

Yes! Parameters that influence protein production efficiency are:

  • Gene cassette construction (promoter strength, position of affinity tag, TXTL elements)
  • DNA purity
  • DNA concentration
  • Incubation temperature and time
  • Presence of folding helpers, chaperones, oxidizing agents

and should therefore be evaluated for optimization. Please also see our recommendations on Template Design in the myTXTL Manual.

Consider if your recombinant protein requires co-factors like heavy metal ions or coenzymes to be functionally active. Those should be present during protein synthesis. Additionally, a low concentration of mild detergent (e.g. Triton-X-100, sodium dodecyl maltoside, or CHAPS) can be added to the reaction as well as molecular chaperones. Please note that the myTXTL® platform cannot introduce post-translational modifications like glycosylation or phosphorylation to your protein. Reducing the incubation temperature might help to prevent aggregation of the nascent polypeptide chain and to promote proper protein folding.

Unfortunately, not. However, studies have shown that supplementing cell-free systems with mixtures of reduced (GSH) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG), disulfide bond isomerase C (DsbC), protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) and/or chaperones (e.g. DnaK, DnaJ, GroEL, GroES) can promote the formation of disulfide bridges. In addition, pretreatment with iodoacetamide (IAM) to inactivate endogenous reductases which are present in the cell extract might also help (Review Article: Stech M & Kubick S, Antibodies 2015, 4, 12-33).

Sample handling and storage is mainly determined by the stability of your molecule of interest (protein, DNA, RNA) and thus optimal conditions may need to be evaluated. But to ensure sample integrity, we would recommend to either process the myTXTL® reaction immediately after performing the incubation or store it at ≤ -20 °C.

Apart from standard biochemical methods like Coomassie-stained SDS-PAGE and western blot analysis, the great advantage of cell-free protein production is the open-system environment which allows the direct quantification and/or analysis of its functionality in an activity assay or the downstream processing via affinity purification (if an affinity tag is present). If you choose SDS-PAGE analysis, you can either take a small sample (1-3 µL) directly from your TXTL reaction, or – to reduce background signal – precipitate proteins with TCA/acetone or ammonium-acetate/methanol following a standard protocol.

Most importantly, the excitation and emission wavelength should match the fluorescence properties of deGFP/eGFP (e.g. λEm 488 nm, λEx 535 nm). Other reader settings such as reading mode, integration time and gain value should be chosen under consideration of high well-to-well fluorescence reading reproducibility.

Ordering Information

Catalog # Description Quantity Price Contact Us
508024 myTXTL® Linear DNA Expression Kit 24 Rxns $260 Order Now
508096 myTXTL® Linear DNA Expression Kit 96 Rxns $920 Order Now

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